Nice in 1860
The population of the Maritime Alps, the department created after the annexation, has increased 83% from 1860 to 1911, while that of France rose by 6% only.
These figures attest to the tremendous population explosion and economic knew the region thanks to its empire french.
On this occasion, was shaped eminently tourist vocation Coast d’Azur, while the Italian Riviera continued for many years trying reconcile and resort industry.
Certainly, before 1860, English, Russians, Teutonic, French and even the already attending our northern shores. The Russian imperial family had taken his winter quarters, but tourism was in its infancy.
Nice hardly existed outside the old city.
Two-thirds of the population were concentrated in the countryside and the income per living in the county (47,000 francs at the time against 69,000 in the foothills and 98,000 in France) was lower than that of the poorest departments of French, like Finistère region.
A situation that was synonymous with poverty and feelings of abandonment and frustration in view of first appearance of large fortunes that began to be visible along the Mediterranean.
Affiliation of Nice was followed by the rise of the new city on the right bank of spangles.
To make this possible development, a bridge was built by the sea, to move from the old town to the “Way of the English”.
It was expanded; were planted the first sixteen palm trees imported from Spain and this road became the legendary Walk of the English.
The first tourists strolled the carriages and it raised “a sea of dust” in the words of the poet Alphonse Karr.
Reflecting the development of the city, the Nice train station was built in the countryside (the current station was in the country) into a Parisian architectural style, according to the wishes of Napoleon 3.
And September 26, 1864, the first official train movement on a single track from Paris to Nice to get up.
A conveyance which played a prominent role for the prosperity of the region.
The train arrived on the Riviera has largely contributed to the growing commercial and tourism.
Thus, new hotels were built on right bank of spangles and hills, especially on the side of cimiez or QUEEN VICTORIA was one of the most illustrious residents.
Each new facility could accommodate more guests than the whole park with the individual hotel owners.
Indeed, a hotel owned an average of thirty rooms in 1860 and approximately 170 in 1875.
This shows how tourism has become a reality.
And to entertain all his guests, often prestigious, imagine the holidays, it creates the event.
It revives the carnival was originally a popular recreation on the court and Saleya Rue Saint Francois-de-shoulder look that good society from the surrounding terraces, including the establishment Visconti.On invented battles flowers, horse racing (which then took place on the location of the terminal), racing ships are somptueux.Il meme bullfights evoked by the philosopher Nietzsche, then residing at Nice.